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Notifiable disease surveillance in Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom: a comparative study

Authors:

Kalpana Chandrasekar ,

Kalpana Chandrasekar B.Sc.(Hons.) (Jaffna), M.Sc.(LIS) (Madras), M.Phil.(Biochemistry) (Jaffna) Senior Assistant Librarian, University of Jaffna, Jaffna, LK
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Sinnathamby Mahesan,

Sinnathamby Mahesan B.Sc.(Hons.)(Jaffna), M.Sc.(Cardiff), Ph.D.(Wales) Senior Lecturer, Department of Computer Science Faculty of Science, University of Jaffna, Jaffna, LK
About Sinnathamby
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Peter A. Bath

B.Sc. (Hons.)(Technical) (University of Wales), M.Sc.(Sheffield), Ph.D.(Sheffield) Professor of Health Informatics, Information School, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, GB
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Abstract

Threats posed by new, emerging or re-emerging infectious diseases are taking a global dimension. These diseases are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality around the world and have an influence on the economic growth and development of nations. Several evaluation studies on existing infectious disease surveillance systems (passive and/or active) have been undertaken to identify the strengths and weaknesses in order to improve surveillance activities. Research is also directed towards identifying specific factors that influence the information flow in the notification process of infectious diseases at different levels, such as completeness, timeliness, sensitivity, etc. Studies reported from Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom are very limited. Further, we rarely find any literature on comparative studies on disease surveillance systems in two different geographical locations. In this study in-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect data, in Jaffna (Sri Lanka) and Sheffield (UK).

Participants were recruited from those who were engaged in work related to the notifiable disease surveillance system at a local level. This research paper reports the advantages and disadvantages of the existing notifiable disease surveillance systems in the United Kingdom and Sri Lanka. In addition, it recommends that receiving notifications from various other sources (including indigenous medical practitioners, public health workers, laboratories and the general public), involvement of laboratories in disease surveillance activities, and computerising the existing surveillance system for notification would enhance the completeness and timeliness of reporting. In addition to epidemiological publications at national level, this study emphasises the importance of regional publications on notifiable disease surveillance.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/sljbmi.v4i1.5190

Sri Lanka Journal of Bio-Medical Informatics 2013;4(1):14-22

 

How to Cite: Chandrasekar, K., Mahesan, S. & Bath, P.A., (2013). Notifiable disease surveillance in Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom: a comparative study. Sri Lanka Journal of Bio-Medical Informatics. 4(1), pp.14–22. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljbmi.v4i1.5190
Published on 15 Oct 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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